QUEEN NZINGA MBANDE (ANGOLA)
Queen Anna Nzinga Mbande (aka Anna de Sousa Nzinga Mbande) was born to King Kiluanji and his wife Kangela in 1583 and it was prophesied that she would one day become the Queen of the Ndongo and Matamba kingdoms (Modern Angola). Greatly loved by her Father, she was allowed to understudy him in State and at war from an early age.
Before the age of 40, she had become adequately versed in matters of State that she served as Envoy of her nation with the Portuguese in the Kingdom's effort to get the Colonialists to withdraw the fortress of Ambaca in 1622 and to secure the release of captives taken during the 1617-1621 Portuguese campaigns. Nzinga succeeded in her negotiations of a treaty on equal terms, famously out-witting the Portuguese Governor's attempt to intimidate her by offering her only a mat to sit on during the negotiations - which in her native custom was inappropriate for a royal. Nzinga countered by sitting on the back of a servant, asserting herself as equal in status to the Portuguese Governor.
The Portuguese however refused to honor the treaty causing the King to grow despondent and commit suicide. Barred from succeeding her brother by the Portuguese on grounds that she poisoned the King, Nzinga took custody of the regent, her young nephew and subsequently had him killed for insubordination, thus gaining control of the throne in Ndongo and taking the title "Queen of Andongo" (Rainha de Andongo).
In spite of many battles with the Portuguese, Nzinga died peacefully at the age of 80 years in 1663.
- Source: Wikipedia
Last Updated on Thursday, 19 January 2017 19:31
Written by Tongues